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According to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry, more than 30,000 people are living with cystic fibrosis in the United States with approximately 1,000 new cases diagnosed each year.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a progressive, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time. In order for someone to develop CF, they must inherit two copies of the defective CF gene – one copy from each of their parents. Both parents must have at least one copy of the defective gene in order for their child to develop CF.
It is a multistep process to diagnose cystic fibrosis. It typically includes a newborn screening, a sweat test, a genetic or carrier test, and a clinical evaluation. More than 75% of people with CF are diagnosed by age 2 but some are diagnosed as adults.
It is a complex disease, and the types and severity of symptoms can vary greatly from person to person. Some symptoms include:
Each day, people with CF complete a combination of the following therapies: